WEINGARTIA

http://www.wellgrowhorti.com/Pictures/Cactus%20Seeds/Web%20Pictures/W/Weingartia%20Sp%20(Torotoro,Bol.).jpg
http://www.wellgrowhorti.com/Pictures/Cactus%20Seeds/Web%20Pictures/W/Weingartia%20Sp%20(Torotoro,Bol.).jpg

Autor: Werdermann

• ETYMOLOGY
Genus honouring Wilhem Weingart (1856-1936), German botanist and cactus specialist.
• DESCRIPTION
A genus of globose plants with the apex flattened, becoming sometimes elongated to shortly columnar (up to 30 cm high), usually solitary but also caespitose, with more or less napiform roots. Ribs strongly tuberculate, tubercles distinctly spiralled in Sulcorebutia; areoles close to the apex strongly woolly (linear in Sulcorebutia)-, radial spines spread out, stiff, subulate (pectinate, interlaced, appressed in Sulcorebutia, central spines sturdier.
Flowers diurnal remaining opened during night, usually self-sterile, with a very short tube (Weingartia s.s.) or elongated (Sulcorebutia), appearing near the apex, sometimes several in the same areole, sometimes fragrant, yellow, orange to red more or less purple, rarely white, also carmine red to scarlet, purple, violet, sometimes bi-coloured and even different colours within a population (Sulcorebutia), pollinated by bees. Fruits rather small, with naked scales,spherical to oboval, juicy at the beginning, then drying when ripe, basally dehiscent, floral remains persistent. Seeds variable, egg-shaped or helmet-shaped, black, usually dull or sometimes shiny, with a prominent hilum.
• HABITAT
The genus Weingartia (including Sulcorebutia) has a wide distribution range and grows in the high mountains of the Andes, on high-plateaus, often mimetically, almost completely buried, among grasses, on rocky soils, on rocks or in crevices, from 1600 m up to 3600 m in altitude. We often find the species associated with mosses and lichens.

• DISTRIBUTION
Argentina (Jujuy), Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija).

Currently 49 recognised species + 23 possible subspecies (≪ S ≫ = ex Sulcorebutia):
– Weingartia (S.) arenacea* (Cardenas) Brandt 1979
– Weingartia (S.) arenacea subsp. candiae* (Cardenas) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) arenacea subsp. kamiensis (Brederoo & Donald) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) arenacea subsp. menesesii (Cardenas) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) augustinii (Hentzschel) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) azurduyensis (Gertel, Jucker & de Vries) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) breviflora* (Cardenas emend. Diers) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) breviflora subsp. haseltonii (Cardenas) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) breviflora subsp. iaui (Diers) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) caineana (Cardenas) Brandt 1980
– Weingartia (S.) canigueraiii (Cardenas) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia (S.) cantargalloensis (Gertel, Jucker & de Vries) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) caracarensis (Cardenas) Brandt 1980
– Weingartia (S.) cardenasiana* (R.Vasquez) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia cintia* (Hjertson) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008 (ex Cintia knizei)
– Weingartia (S. ) crispata* (Rausch) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia (S.) crispata subsp. hertusi (Halda & Horacek) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) cuprea* (Rausch) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) cylindrica (Donald & Lau) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia (S.) cylindrica subsp. crucensis (Gertel) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) dorana (Gertel) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) elizabethae (de Vries) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia fida na* (Backeb.) Werdermann 1937
– Weingartia fidana subsp. cintiensis* (Cardenas) Donald 1979
– Weingartia (S.) fischeriana (Augustin) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) frankiana (Rausch) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia (S.) frey-juckeri Diers & Augustin 2007
– Weingartia (S.) gemmae (Mosti & Rovida) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) glomeriseta (Cardenas) Brandt 1977 (= Sulcorebutia krahnii ?)
– Weingartia (S.) heliosoides (Lechner & Draxler) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) inflexiseta (Cardenas) Brandt 1980
– Weingartia (S.) juckeri (Gertel) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia kargliana Rausch 1979
– Weingartia lanata* F.Ritter 1961 (= W. longigibba ?)
– Weingartia lanata subsp. pilcomayensis (Cardenas) Donald 1980
– Weingartia lanata subsp. riograndensis (F.Ritter) Donald 1980
– Weingartia (S.) langeri* (Augustin & Hentzschel) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) mariana (Swoboda) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) markusii* (Rausch) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia (S.) markusii subsp. mizquensis (Rausch) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) mentosa* (F.Ritter) Brandt 1979
– Weingartia (S.) mentosa subsp. albissima (Brandt) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) mentosa subsp. swobodae (Augustin) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) naunacaensis (de Vries) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia neocumingii* Backeb. 1950 (= W. buiningiana ?)
– Weingartia neocumingii subsp. hediniana* (Backeb.) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia neocumingii subsp. pulquinensis* (Cardenas) Donald 1979
– Weingartia neocumingii subsp. sucrensis (F.Ritter) Donald 1980
– Weingartia neocumingii subsp. trollii (Oeser.) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia neumanniana* (Backeb.) Werdermann 1937
– Weingartia (S.) pampagrandensis (Rausch) F. H. Brandt 1979
– Weingartia (S.) pasopayana Brandt 1984
– Weingartia (S.) pulchra (Cardenas) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia (S.) purpurea* Donald & A.B.Lau 1974
– Weingartia (S.) purpurea subsp. santiaginiensis* (Rausch) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia (S.) rauschii* (G.Frank) Brandt 1978
– Weingartia (S.) roberto-vasquezii (Diers & Krahn) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) steinbachii* (Werderm.) Brandt 1977
– Weingartia (S.) steinbachii subsp. krugerae (Hunt) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) steinbachii subsp. verticillacantha* (Ritter) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) tarabucoensis* (Rausch) Brandt 1964
– Weingartia (S.) tarijensis* Brandt 1978 (= W. oligacantha)
– Weingartia (S.) tarijensis subsp. carichimayuensis Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) tarijensis subsp. samaensis Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) tarvitaensis (Gertel & Lechner) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) tiraquensis (Cardenas) Brandt 1977
– Weingartia (S.) torotorensis* Cardenas 1971
– Weingartia (S.) totorensis* (Cardenas) Brandt 1979
– Weingartia (S.) vargasii (Diers & Krahn) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) vasqueziana (Rausch) Hentzschel & Augustin 2008
– Weingartia (S.) vasqueziana subsp. losenickyana (Rausch) J.Lode 2013
– Weingartia westii* (Hutchison) Donald 1958

References: "TAXONOMY of the CACTACEAE" -  ISBN 978-84-617-3692-8 (Vol. 2)

 

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