Autor: Britton & Rose

A genus honouring Webster E. Browning (1869-1942), director of the English Institute of Santiago, Chile (Portrait
A genus of plants usually treelike and branched, with ribbed cylindrical stems, candelabra like or columnar, some
having the characteristics of a trunk densely covered with spines while the reproductive stems lack them.
Flowers nocturnal, remaining open in the morning, self sterile, tubular or funnel-shaped, with a floral tube slightly
bent back and covered with scales, white, creamy-white to orange red, pollinated by bats (Platalina genovensium)
and by hummingbirds (Rhodopis vesper). Fruits rather small, spherical to egg-shaped, more or less fleshy, dry when
ripe, having deciduous scales. Seeds variable, usually ovoid, sometimes wrinkled, shiny, brownish black, dispersed by bats (Platalina genovensium) and birds (Phyllotis darwinii).
The genus Browningia grows in mountains, on hills, on often rocky areas with steep terrain, among shrubs in a
xerophytic vegetation, or in areas of extreme aridity, from 400 m up to 3000 m in altitude.
Bolivia, N. Chile (Arica, Tarapacá), Colombia (Boyacá, disjunction), Ecuador (Cañar, Loja), Peru (Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, lea, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Moquegua, Pasco, Tacna).

Currently 9 recognised species + one subspecies:
– Browningia albiceps F.Ritter 1981
– Browningia altissima (F.Ritter) Buxb. 1965
– Browningia amstutziae (Rauh & Backeb.) Hutchison ex Krainz 1965
– Browningia candelaris* Britton & Rose 1920
– Browningia candelaris subsp. icaensis (F.Ritter) Hunt 2002
– Browningia chlorocarpa* (Kunth) W.T.Marshall 1945
– Browningia hernandezii F.AIonso 2006
– Browningia microsperma* (Werderm. & Backeb.) W.T.Marshall 1947
– Browningia pilleifera (F.Ritter) Hutchison 1968
– Browningia utcubambensis H.Wittner 2012 (doubtful taxon)

References: "TAXONOMY of the CACTACEAE" -  ISBN 978-84-617-3723-9 (Vol. 1)