” Wax candle of Brazil “, specifying the Brazilian origin of the genus.
A shrubby genus, rarely branched, with erect or bent fine cylindrical stems with narrow ribs. Areoles woolly, spines
setose or aciculate. Roots fibrous.
Flowers nocturnal, shortly tubular to bell-shaped, whitish to pale green, pollinated by bats. Fruits egg-shaped to pearshaped, indehiscent, floral remains persistent. Seeds black, smooth and shiny.
The genus Brasilicereus grows in subtropical or tropical dry deciduous forests, protected by the surrounding
vegetation, often on granite or gneiss inselbergs, from 40 m up to 950 m in altitude.
Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais).
Currently 2 recognised species:
– Brasilicereus markgrafii* Backeb. & Voli 1949
– Brasilicereus phaeacanthus (Giirke) Backeb. 1941